Types of diabetes

Diabetes is associated with the modern lifestyle, even though this disease appeared in earlier periods it should be noted that the number of patients is much higher in developed countries than in those that are still developing. These circumstances has led the doctors to research the factors that lead to this disease. These researches have shown that on the first place is definitively diet, so those who have high probability of getting diabetes should manage pre-diabetes diet, then other activities, such as physical exercise or exposure to polluted environment. It is believed that these are the reasons that have a decisive impact on the emergence of diabetes.

diabetes symbol
The Global Symbol of Diabetes

There are three different types of diabetes: 
  • Type 1 diabetes, occurs in childhood or adolescence. For the treatment of type 1 diabetes insulin is necessary. It is caused by the immune system that destroys the cells of the pancreas that produces insulin (beta cells). It usually occurs between the age of eight and fifteen, and very rapidly so the patient should be hospitalized. Persons with juvenile diabetes can lead a practically normal life and live to ripe old age with adequate control. This disease has a relatively unstable character, and its control involves the use of insulin, due to the fact that the pancreas gradually secretes less insulin until completely exhausts all capacities, and finally ceases to perform this function.
  • Type 2 diabetes, usually develops slowly in adults and it progresses with time. In the beginning, it can be treated with diet and exercises, and at a later stage of the disease, insulin and pills should be introduced in the treatment. Type 2 diabetes occurs in adults between the thirty and forty years of age (and even in people over fifty and more years), and it has closer relations to eating habits. Ninety percent of people with type II diabetes are overweight or obese, and it can be concluded that the excessive intake of food is one of the most important factors contributing to the occurrence of this disease.
  • Gestational (pregnancy) diabetes, occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears when the child is born. Between 3-8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes, so pregnant women should take care of gestational diabetes symptoms. In pregnancy, the hormones that the body produces in order to support the growth of the child, may stop functioning of mother's insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs when the body can not produce enough insulin in response to increased demand for insulin.
Pre diabetes diet is one of the most important steps in order to reduce the risk of this disease, but also how should diabetics regulate the blood sugar level. It's not about a special cuisine for diabetics, it is only necessary to redistribute certain foods by the amount and type. The organism should be provided with an optimal intake of nutrients, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water, but of great importance in the diet are complex carbohydrates, and dietary fiber, which helps significantly in the regulation of diabetes.

Regular intake of rye bread and products from rye flour, can influence a better insulin response, or affect the slower absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract, but other types of bread that are obtained from the whole grain cereals, flakes and quinoa are also preferable. Experts recommend a slice (50 grams) of rye bread with every meal, because that bread has the rich content of dietary fiber that prevents a sudden drop in sugar after a meal, which happens if you take a white bread.
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